Native plants in your backyard

Native plants are adapted to local conditions and more likely to survive and thrive in your garden. Listed below is a selection of easy-to-grow local plants that will attract native wildlife.

Groundcovers provide the foundation of your garden. They help to prevent weeds, and provide a source of food and shelter for many butterflies and ground dwelling animals such as lizards and frogs.

Redlands groundcovers - Blue flax lily

Blue Flax Lily

Dianella congesta

A tough plant that forms colonies on coastal sand dunes. Its purple berries are edible and the most pleasant tasting of the Flax Lilies.

Coastal Boobialla

Coastal Boobialla

Myoporum acuminatum

A low maintenance, salt tolerant ground cover. A single plant will cover a large area.

Redlands groundcovers - Kangaroo grass

Kangaroo Grass

Themeda triandra

One of our most attractive native grasses for a sunny site, growing in a clumping fashion to about one metre tall.

Redlands groundcovers - Pig Face

Pig Face

Carpobrotus glaucescens

A low growing, creeping succulent. Pink flowers all year round. Edible fruit.

Redlands groundcovers - Native Violet

Native Violet

Viola banksii

Popular groundcover that thrives anywhere it is wet.

Redlands groundcovers - Paper Daisy

Paper Daisy

Xerochrysum bracteatum

Long-lasting, pretty flowers make this plant popular for gardens and dried flower arrangements. Needs replacing annually.

Redlands groundcovers - River lily

River Lily

Crinum pedunculatum

An eye-catching succulent plant, great for landscaping. Produces large, white flowers in the summer. Juice from the leaves is reputed to relieve jellyfish stings.

Redlands groundcovers - Spiky Mat Rush

Creek Mat Rush

Lomandra hystrix

Extremely hardy, fast growing tussocks that are great for holding soil where the water flows. Fresh white leaf base is edible.

Redlands groundcovers - Yellow Buttons

Yellow Buttons

Chrysocephalum apiculatum

A hardy groundcover. Popular for its year-round yellow flowers.

Redlands groundcovers - Saw Sedge

Tall Sedge

Carex appressa

A clumping grass-like plant that grows to one metre tall. A suitable plant for moist areas of beside fish or frog ponds.

Vines play an important role in the lifecycle of many of our butterflies. They also act as a nesting place for birds and can enhance the backyard garden by providing a screen along fences or on a garden gazebo.

Redlands vines - Bower of Beauty

Bower of Beauty

Pandorea jasminoides

A vigorous rainforest vine with fragrant, pink, tubular flowers and glossy leaves. Good for fences or trellises.

Redlands vines - Dusky coral pea

Dusky Coral Pea

Kennedia rubicunda

A hardy creeper, suitable for fences and trellises. Large dusky pea flowers are the feature.

Redlands vines - Sarsparilla Vine

Sarsaparilla Vine

Hardenbergia violacea

A small, dense vine featuring pretty purple flowers. Leaves used by early settlers as a tea substitute with a sarsaparilla taste.

Redlands vines - Scrambling Lily

Scrambling Lily

Geitonoplesium cymosum

A twining climber with the white flowers and black berries that can grow to about one metre tall. Will grow on a fence or in the garden as a low shrub.

Redlands vines - Snake Vine

Snake Vine

Hibbertia scandens

A hardy sprawling vine of coastal sand dunes with large yellow flowers.

Redlands vines - Birdwing Butterfly Vine

Birdwing Butterfly Vine

Pararistolochia praevenosa

A woody climbing vine with tubular creamy flowers. This is the host plant of the vulnerable Richmond Birdwing Butterfly (Ornithoptera richmondia)

Planting shrubs throughout the garden will not only brighten your garden with wildflowers but they will also provide significant food and refuge for wildlife, particularly small birds.

Redlands shrubs - Blue Tongue

Blue Tongue

Melastoma malabathricum

An ornamental shrub that grows to two metres and produces beautiful pink flowers through spring and summer. The fruit makes for a tasty snack that will leave your mouth blue.

Redlands shrubs - Coffee Bush

Coffee Bush

Breynia oblongifolia

A hardy shrub with attractive foliage that grows up to two metres. Produces bright red fruits in summer.

Redlands shrubs - Dwarf Banksia

Dwarf Banksia

Banksia oblongifolia

A multi-stemmed shrub that can grow up to one metre on sandy soils. Nectar-rich flowers can be soaked in water to make a sweet drink.

Redlands shrubs - Hairpin Banksia

Hairpin Banksia

Banksia spinulosa

An ornamental, multi-stemmed shrub that can grow up to two metres. It is hardy and produces many nectar-rich golden flower brushes in autumn.

Redlands shrubs - Hairy Bush Pea

Hairy Bush Pea

Pultenaea villosa

A small, weeping shrub with soft hairy leaves and yellow pea flowers in spring. Looks good planted in clusters.

Redlands shrubs - Hop Bush

Hop Bush

Dodonaea triquetra

A fast growing, open shrub that can grow between two and three metres. Features interesting long-lasting papery, triple-winged seed capsules.

Redlands shrubs - Midyim Berry

Midyim Berry

Austromyrtus dulcis

A low growing, coastal shrub with attractive foliage and pink new growth. Produces white flowers and pleasant tasting, edible berries.

Redlands shrubs - Pointed-leaf Hovea

Pointed-leaf Hovea

Hovea acutifolia

A popular shrub that is very hardy and grows up to two metres. It produces masses of purple pea flowers. When the seeds open, they make a ‘popping’ noise.

Redlands shrubs - Darling Pea

Darling Pea

Swainsona galegifolia

A small evergreen spreading shrub that grows up to one metre tall. Long flowering, producing a spike of pink pea flowers.

Redlands shrubs - Sago Bush

Sago Bush

Ozothamnus diomifolius

An attractive, fast growing shrub, reaching heights of up to three metres. Produces masses of long-lasting white or pink flowers.

Redlands shrubs - Prickly Box

Prickly Box

Bursaria spinosa

A thorny shrub growing up to three metres that provides great habitat for small birds in the garden.

Redlands shrubs - Thyme Honey Myrtle

Thyme Honey Myrtle

Melaleuca thymifolia

A small, attractive shrub featuring purple feathery flowers. Grows up to one metre. It is quite hardy and pruning will make it denser.

Redlands shrubs - Wallum Bottlebrush

Wallum Bottlebrush

Melaleuca pachyphylla

A popular shrub with brilliant red or lime green flower spikes for most of the year. Hardy, responds well to pruning and grows up to two metres tall.

Redlands shrubs - Wild May

Wild May

Leptospermum polygalifolium

A common local tea-tree, popular with the gardeners for its profuse white flowers, weeping open growth and hardiness. Grows up to three metres tall.

Trees in your garden provide an important micro habitat and are a valuable to many species of wildlife,  from insects to tree-dwelling mammals. They provide shade for the backyard and can help to keep your house cool in summer.

Redlands trees - Bangalow Palm

Bangalow Palm

Archontophoenix cunninghamiana

A tall palm with bright red berries, similar to the Alexandra Palm. This is the only palm tree native to the Redlands mainland.

Redlands trees - Blueberry Ash

Blueberry Ash

Elaeocarpus reticulatus

An attractive tree that can be pruned to shape. Bears lots of small, bell shaped flowers and bright blue fruits. Grows to six metres tall.

Redlands trees - Broad Leaf Paperbark

Broad-leaf Paperbark

Melaleuca quinquenervia

A tree with distinct papery bark that can grow up to 20 metres tall. Great for attracting wildlife. Oil extracted from leaves is used to treat colds.

Redlands trees - Brush Box

Brush Box

Lophostemon confertus

A fast-growing tree that can grow up to 25 metres tall. It is very hardy in dry conditions, a good bird attractor when flowering in spring, and also acts as a koala food tree.

Redlands trees - Coastal Banksia

Coastal Banksia

Bankisa integrifolia

A versatile coastal tree up to 10 metres with golden, nectar-rich flower spikes. Flowers can be soaked in water to make a sweet drink.

Redlands trees - Eprapah Wattle

Eprapah Wattle

Acacia fimbriata var. perangusta

A hardy, fast growing tree with attractive weeping foliage and masses of yellow flowers in late winter. Can grow up to six metres.

Redlands trees - Forest She-oak

Forest She-oak

Allocasuarina torulosa

A hardy ornamental tree with fine weeping foliage. Female trees produce woody seed cones  which are important food for the vulnerable Glossy Black Cockatoo.

Redlands trees - Grey Myrtle

Grey Myrtle

Backhousia myrtifolia

A small ornamental tree, growing up to eight metres tall. Features showy, cream flowers and aromatic leaves when crushed. Hardy once established.

Redlands trees - Macaranga

Macaranga

Macaranga tanarius

Growing up to six metres tall, this is a fast growing tree, featuring huge, glossy leaves. A useful shade tree when creating a rainforest garden.

Redlands trees - Native Frangipani

Native Frangipani

Hymenosporum flavum

A fast growing tree, reaching to 10 metres tall. Features attractive foliage. Produces perfumed, yellow flowers.

Redlands trees - Native Mulberry Tree

Native Mulberry

Pipturus argenteus

A small, fast growing tree, occurring on rainforest edges. It can grow up to six metres tall and produces edible soft, fleshy fruits that are great for attracting birds.

Redlands trees - Pink Euodia

Pink Euodia

Melicope elleryana

A small, glossy-leaved tree, growing up to 10 metres tall. Features unusual clusters of pink flowers along the branches. Birds and butterflies love it.

Redlands trees - Pink Tips Bottlebrush

Pink Tips Bottlebrush

Melaleuca saligna

A small tree, growing up to five metres tall. Features papery bark, cream flowers and pink new growth. Hardy, but does best with some watering.

Redlands trees - Plunkett Mallee

Plunkett Mallee

Eucalyptus curtisii

A small, multi-stemmed gum tree that can grow up to six metres tall. Ideal for smaller yards. Hardy and bears masses of white flowers that attracts birds.

Redlands trees - Scribbly Gum eucalyptus

Scribbly Gum

Eucalyptus racemosa

An imperative koala food tree, featuring a distinct silver-coloured trunk covered in scribble marks. Grows up to 30 metres tall and prefers sandy soil.

Redlands trees - Small-leafed Lilly-pilly

Small-leafed Lilly-pilly

Syzygium luehmannii

Growing up to eight metres tall, this ornamental rainforest tree features dense, glossy foliage and edible red or pink fruits.

Redlands trees - Tallowwood

Tallowwood

Eucalyptus microcorys

A fast growing tree with fibrous, brown-orange bark. A favourite of the local koalas and occurs naturally on sandy soil.

Redlands trees - Water Gum

Water Gum

Tristaniopsis laurina

An attractive and compact shade tree, reaching up to 15 metres tall. It produces clusters of small, yellow flowers that contrast against its glossy dark leaves.

Redlands trees - Wheel of Fire

Wheel of Fire

Stenocarpus sinuatus

A rainforest tree with spectacular red flowers resembling a spiked wheel. Grows up to eight metres tall.