Flying-foxes play an important environmental role. They are the key pollinators of our eucalypts and are essential for the health of our eucalypt forests and woodlands. Peak pollen production in eucalypts occurs in the early hours of the morning (1am) while all other pollinators are asleep.
Flying-foxes roost communally during the day in camps or colonies, but leave the roost at night independently of each other and forage on an individual basis. These roosts provide important resting and refuge sites, as well as breeding and social interaction.
Which flying-foxes visit Redlands Coast
There are three species of flying-foxes that can be found on Redlands Coast – the Grey-headed Flying-fox, the Black Flying-fox and the Little Red Flying-fox. Both the Grey-headed and the Black Flying-fox can usually be found on Redlands Coast throughout the year, with the Black Flying-fox the more permanent of the two. The Little Red Flying-fox is only a seasonal visitor to our city.
Flying-fox numbers increase temporarily during the winter months when large numbers of Grey-headed Flying-foxes arrive from across the country to take advantage of the seasonal flowering on Moreton, North Stradbroke and the Southern Moreton Bay Islands.
The Little Red Flying-foxes also arrive in large numbers from January to April. They are highly nomadic and follow the flowering of eucalypts down the eastern seaboard.
Useful tips for living near flying-foxes
- Don’t leave your washing out at night – bring it in before dusk.
- Garage or cover your vehicles.
- Use a pool cover.
- Cover or bring any outdoor furniture under shelter at night.
- Try not to disturb them – this will only make them noisier and heighten the odour.
What you should know
- The size and length of occupancy of these roosts is determined by the availability of suitable food resources, seasonal conditions and behavioural influences. Roost locations are generally within 20-30kms of flowering events.
- Seasonal flowering events are unpredictable and influences their presence in an area.
- They change roost on a regular basis and have a strong allegiance to specific roosts, returning to them whenever they are in the area. These sites vary with different individuals.
- Flying-fox roosts are like a backpacker’s hostel, always full but with different individuals.
- The arrival of new individuals at a roost can lead to increase in noise as they shuffle for position.
- Flying-fox change roosts on a regular basis.
- Dispersing a roost does not change the number of flying-foxes feeding in an area.
What about disease? Can I catch Hendra Virus from a flying-fox?
People cannot catch the Hendra Virus from flying-foxes. People can only contact the Hendra Virus from coming into close contact with an infected horse.
I have heard that flying-foxes carry rabies. Is this true and can I catch it?
Flying foxes do not have rabies. Only a very small percentage of flying-foxes (less than 1%) are infected with a disease called Australian Bat Lyssavirus (ABLV) which is similar, but not the same, as rabies. This virus can only be transmitted to humans by bites, scratches or saliva into an open wound from an infected bat. If you do not pick up or handle flying-foxes, you have nothing to fear.
Neither you nor your pets can get ABLV (Lyssavirus) from flying-foxes flying overhead, roosting or feeding in your yard or touching their droppings.
What about their droppings?
Exposure to bat faeces or urine does not pose a risk of catching ABLV. Bat droppings should be treated the same hygiene as you would with any other animals.
What is that smell?
Many people mistakenly believe that the odour from a flying-fox roost is from their droppings. The smell is actually from the male’s scent glands which, just like in koalas and possums, are used to mark their territories. This ‘scent’ is heightened during breeding season and when they are disturbed and pushed onto someone else’s branch or when newcomers arrive in the roost.
Smell also plays an important role in flying-fox communication.
What do I do if I find a flying-fox on the ground or a sick one in my tree?
Call the Redlands Wildlife Rescue on (07) 3833 4031, they will send out a vaccinated carer to attend to the animal. Never attempt to rescue or handle injured flying-foxes.
What do I do if I get bitten or scratched by a bat?
Seek medical assistance immediately.
What do I do If I get flying-fox droppings on my car? Will it strip the paint work?
Bird droppings are actually more corrosive than flying-fox faeces. To remove flying-fox droppings, it is recommended to cover the stain with a wet cloth or newspaper and leave it to soak for about ½ an hour, and then simply wipe it away. Do not leave droppings on the car to ‘bake’ in the sun.
How do I know if there are Little Red Flying-foxes in my area?
Little Red Flying-foxes arrive on Redlands Coast in large numbers between January and April. They can be distinguished from other flying-foxes by their small size and roosting habitats. The clump together in large groups and are noisier then other flying-foxes as they are continually squabbling for a position on the branch.
Each night Little Red Flying-foxes leave their roost together, spreading across the sky like a large conger line. It is a spectacular sight to see and well worth making the time to watch.