Threatened and significant trees, plants and ecosystems on Redlands Coast
Redlands Coast is lucky to have a diverse range of environments that provide important refuges for some of our threatened and significant plant species and unique habitats. They are at risk from a variety of impacts including:
- human intrusion, disturbance and collection
- vegetation clearing
- degradation and loss of habitat
- weed invasion
- livestock and pest animal damage
- adjacent land use activities (eg increased nutrient run-off and erosion)
- low genetic diversity
- changed fire regimes
- myrtle rust.
Council is committed to protecting and maintaining threatened species and you can contribute to help these species by:
- managing weeds on your property
- recording any sightings on the Atlas of Living Australia
- purchasing plants from reputable sources.
Below is a list of Redlands Coast threated plants identified under the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act and the Nature Conservation Act:
- Angle-stemmed myrtle (Gossia gonoclada)
- Austral toadflax (Thesium australe)
- Christmas bells (Blandfordia grandiflora)
- Durringtonia (Durringtonia paludosa)
- Glandular knotweed (Persicaria elatior)
- Lesser swamp-orchid (Phaius australis)
- Maundia (Maundia triglochinoides)
- Native jute (Corchorus cunninghamii)
- Rough-shelled macadamia (Macadamia tetraphylla)
- Yellow swamp orchid (Phaius benaysii)
- Swamp tea-tree (Melaleuca irbyana)
- Macadamia Nut (Macadamia integrifolia)
- Slender milk vine (Marsdenia longiloba)
Older trees, also known as veteran trees and stags, form an important part in the Redlands Coast environment and wildlife conservation.
Veteran trees are important because the abundance and size of the hollows are an invaluable breeding habitat for many species of wildlife including birds, reptiles, mammals and amphibians that will generally return each breeding season to use the same hollow.
The Veteran and Significant Trees of the Redlands survey project is a Citizen Science project in partnership with the Redland City Council, Veteran Tree Group Australia and the Atlas of Living Australia. The project aims to identify and map veteran and significant trees in the Redlands Coast mainland and islands. This data will assist in providing options for land and vegetation management, protection and conservation, and community education. To submit a veteran tree sighting visit Atlas of Living Australia.
Mangroves are a common coastal habitat throughout Moreton Bay and eight species have been recorded here. They can be found all along the mainland, on the islands of Moreton Bay and also on the western side of North Stradbroke Island. As well as playing a vital role in stabilising and protecting coastal areas, provide habitat for a wide range of species, some of which occur only in the mangroves.
If you live nearby mangrove wetlands you may notice a strong rotten egg odour particularly between May and November. While often mistaken for sewerage, it is actually the result of a natural process when mangroves drop seeds which begin to be broken down by bacteria living in the soil.
Mangrove odours on Redlands Coast Fact Sheet [PDF 1.25MB]
To learn more about mangroves visit the Department of Environment and Science.
Coastal salt marshes
Coastal salt marshes consists mainly of low growing, salt-tolerant vegetation including with a range of wildlife from fish and crabs to migratory shore birds and the threatened water mouse Xeromys myoides relying on this habitat for food, shelter and breeding grounds because these are tidal areas.
While coastal salt marshes might appear to be widespread and common in Redlands Coast and half of Australia but unfortunately, due to the very narrow margin of coastal environments it occurs in, it has been impacted by many threats including mangrove encroachment, excess nutrients from pollution sources and acid sulphate soils.
Redlands Coast is lucky to have some littoral rainforest you can enjoy including Myora Springs on North Stradbroke Island (Minjerribah). Littorial rainforests are unique to the east coast of Australia and include mostly rainforest species, often with many vines and a variety of animals including the rainforest pigeons, snails, ferns, orchids, geckoes and flying-foxes. These forests occur within 2km of the coast and generally form on old dunes protected by the harshest coastal conditions and infrequent fires. The taller rainforest trees will protect the more sensitive understory where unique plants often grow and can be teeming with animals you normally see in a rainforest.
Unfortunately, this community is nationally listed as critically endangered due to a range of threats including climate change and natural disasters like cyclones, tidal inundation.
For more information, download the Federal Government Profile Factsheet.